9 Feb 2022

Three Types of NHS Cleaning Audits Explained | mpro5


Since the long-awaited National Standards of Healthcare Cleanliness were published, the mandatory Technical Audit with its new 50 point check has rather stolen the limelight. But the belle of the ball has two ugly sisters, the efficacy audit and the external audit, which are just as crucial to delivering the new standards. 

In this article we explain the purpose and process for each audit and why it matters for your trust.

What is the Efficacy Audit?

In short, the efficacy audit is designed to measure how you clean, as opposed to what you clean and how frequently. Efficaciousness is determined using evidence-based, scientific methods. This will include:

  • Checking that the cleaner is using the right colour coding and following all correct cleaning procedures 
  • Wearing appropriate uniform and personal protective equipment (PPE) 
  • Using gloves and chemicals safely and adhering to safe ways of working 
  • Safely moving furniture and equipment in order to clean
  • Rectifying actions are being taken in a timely manner  


There are many more metrics to be measured on, and all of these questions are rated on a simple scale, it’s either a 1 or a 0: 



When should I do an efficacy audit? 

While trusts have the freedom to determine audit frequency, patient and visitor-facing areas must be audited for cleaning effectiveness at least once a year. But I’d say once a year is a low bar: your operations will benefit from doing these audits more often, possibly even on a monthly basis. 


Unfortunately, you can’t only audit your shiniest areas. With one exception, you will need to select areas at random. 

That exception is areas specifically targeted for performance review as they have not achieved safe standards consistently, or because they have high rates of infection. For areas that score 80% or less the audit findings should be used to create an improvement plan with support such as further training, investment in new equipment and materials, increased supervision, more resources and changing cleaning times. 

As the Standard points out, “Electronic audit systems are useful for highlighting trends and hot spots, as well as greater transparency and more effective sharing of data."

The External Audit 

nhs-cleaning3Then there’s the External Audit that involves collaborating with neighbouring facilities (also known as “auditing your mates”). Teaming up is a quick and easy way to find suitably qualified staff to act as auditors, often on a reciprocal basis. 

This third-party audit performs a vital role. There are no scores involved: it’s all about the systems you have in place. Are your functional risk areas divided sensibly? Have you got a system to identify low-performing areas and how effective is your remediation process?  

Admittedly, this audit is entirely subjective but it’s no less valuable for that. It’s a way of learning from others’ experiences and sharing best practice. 

Like the Efficacy Audit, this check is purely advisory but, recognising how powerful a fresh pair of eyes can be, switched-on trusts will perform this independent assessment anyway for the often-eye-opening insights it can reveal.


How can a process management app help?   

I’d be remiss not to point out that all three of these audits are enhanced drastically with a digital healthcare management solution. You can turn your audit from a fixed event to a continuous process: cleaners can gather data as they work via a works management app, and send this data straight to the cloud. 

Such systems enable managers to see at a glance which areas of the healthcare facility are cleaned well and which not so well by viewing dashboard reports. These comparisons can provide revelations.  

For example, if you’re getting a low score for your Technical Audit but a high score for your Efficacy Audit, the mismatch tells you your cleaners are doing their jobs properly but they’re simply stretched too thin. Conversely, if you score highly on your Technical Audit but poorly on the Efficacy Audit, this could mean the cleaners are not doing their jobs well and you’re overstaffed in that space: they’re all doing half a job. 


All audits are created equal 

I’ll end by pointing out the obvious. The Standards’ three-audit system has been expressly designed to create a whole greater than the sum of its parts: to give a comprehensive view of all aspects of cleaning performance, from what areas are cleaned to how well they’re cleaned and, lastly, ideas for improvement.

If your trust focuses on the Technical Audit to the exclusion of everything else, you really are missing a trick.





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